An outbreak of the coronavirus (now called COVID-19) in China is causing global concern. It came from a seafood and meat market in Wuhan, China, in December. It has since spread to other countries, including the United States. While the planet is suffering from coronavirus, many people are either uninformed or have less understanding of the virus that is actually killing the humanitarian. Talking about the world, coronavirus is not only an outbreak but a condition of severe depression that takes many lives with it. We must learn about the real issue first while shielding ourselves.
What is Covid-19?
Covid-19 is a disease caused by a coronavirus that comes from a large family of viruses that may cause illness in animals or humans. In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recently discovered coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19.
What are the symptoms?
The most prominent COVID 19 symptoms are fever, fatigue, and dry cough. Many patients can suffer from aches and severe body pain, inflammation of the nose, running nose, sore throat, or diarrhea. Typically these symptoms are mild and start slowly. At times, people get sick but have no symptoms, and don’t feel sick. Most people (approximately 80 percent) recover from the disease without special care. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems, or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illnesses. People with fever, cough, and difficulty breathing should seek medical attention.
Method of prevention
Though any vaccine is not yet up to prevent this kind of virus but you can reduce the chances of being infected by the following ways.
• Clean your hands frequently and thoroughly with sanitiser or wash them with soap and water regularly. Washing your hands with soap and water by using hand rubbing dependent on alcohol destroys viruses which can be on your hands.
• Performing social distancing
Maintaining a space between you and someone who is coughing or sneezing at least 1 meter (3 feet) away should be a to do thing. This is because when you are too close with someone who is coughing or sneezing, there is 50,% of the chance that you may get infected from the saliva droplets coming from their mouth or nose.
• Avoid touching your eyes, mouth or nose. This i because your hand touches several surfaces and can pick up viruses too. When infected, hands will pass the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. The virus can get into your body from there, which can make you sick.
A serious matter of concern
As many people around the world have lost their lives, this disease is not just any disease, it is truly a matter of concern. It can also linger for several days around the surface, and it can easily spread when touching the surface, so a person can get infected even though he is not having contact with humans. Therefore, understanding the origin and methods of prevention is important to us.
So far, more than 550,000 cases have been reported worldwide, of which more than 127,000 have recovered and more than 24,000 have died and this virus is massively in human beings. Some researchers estimate that up to 80% of people who are infected show no or only mild symptoms and may not even know they are sick. That would put the number of people who might have been infected in the millions. But we need many more studies and much more testing to close in on a more accurate number.
One of the most important factor to understand is that younger people are less likely to die from the virus.
Corona virus can persist only if you have a low immunity system thereby old age people and children are the matter of concern as of now. WHO says older people with pre-existing conditions – such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma, high blood pressure, diabetes and heart disease – appear to develop serious illness more often than others, while a U.S. health official said the mortality rate in males appears to be twice that of women in every age group. Health officials have cautioned that anyone with those underlying conditions, as well as those with weakened immune systems, are at increased risk.
Will there be any vaccine?
Well, doctors and scientists are trying their best to find a vaccine to cure this disease. However, experts have already spread a word that this may take upto one year till then, humans have to articulate themselves, take certain measures, practice quarantine if they feel sick.
WHO does not recommend self-medication with any medicines, including antibiotics, as a prevention or cure for COVID-19. However, there are several ongoing clinical trials that include both western and traditional medicines. WHO will continue to provide updated information as soon as clinical findings are available. You just need to stay aware about the same.
A word to say
What we all can do to protect ourselves and our loved ones is to show some enthusiasm to take this quarantine time strongly. If we won’t go around, won’t meet people, there is approximately a 90% of chance that this virus will be eradicated. It has been proven that the virus can live up to 24 hours on a surface and if the same surface remains untouched, we can probably see a win-win situation but for that, we need to take the things as it comes and most importantly, we all need to focus on building our immune system strong.